stochastic transport in complex systems

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Stochastic Transport in Complex Systems
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Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780080560526
Pages : 582 pages
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The first part of the book provides a pedagogical introduction to the physics of complex systems driven far from equilibrium. In this part we discuss the basic concepts and theoretical techniques which are commonly used to study classical stochastic transport in systems of interacting driven particles. The analytical techniques include mean-field theories, matrix product ansatz, renormalization group, etc. and the numerical methods are mostly based on computer simulations. In the second part of the book these concepts and techniques are applied not only to vehicular traffic but also to transport and traffic-like phenomena in living systems ranging from collective movements of social insects (for example, ants) on trails to intracellular molecular motor transport. These demonstrate the conceptual unity of the fundamental principles underlying the apparent diversity of the systems and the utility of the theoretical toolbox of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics in interdisciplinary research far beyond the traditional disciplinary boundaries of physics. Leading industry experts provide a broad overview of the interdisciplinary nature of physics Presents unified descriptions of intracellular, ant, and vehicular traffic from a physics point of view Applies theoretical methods in practical everyday situations Reference and guide for physicists, engineers and graduate students

Stochastic Transport in Complex Systems

The first part of the book provides a pedagogical introduction to the physics of complex systems driven far from equilibrium. In this part we discuss the basic concepts and theoretical techniques which are commonly used to study classical stochastic transport in systems of interacting driven particles. The analytical techniques include

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Noise in Complex Systems and Stochastic Dynamics

Download or read online Noise in Complex Systems and Stochastic Dynamics written by Anonim, published by Unknown which was released on 2005. Get Noise in Complex Systems and Stochastic Dynamics Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle.

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Stochastic Transport Processes in Discrete Biological Systems

These notes are in part based on a course for advanced students in the applications of stochastic processes held in 1978 at the University of Konstanz. These notes contain the results of re cent studies on the stochastic description of ion transport through biological membranes. In particular, they serve as an

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Information Physics

Information Physics: Physics-Information and Quantum Analogies for Complex Modelling presents a new theory of complex systems that uses analogy across various aspects of physics, including electronics, magnetic circuits and quantum mechanics. The book explains the quantum approach to system theory that can be understood as an extension of classical system

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Statistical Benchmarks for Quantum Transport in Complex Systems

This book introduces a variety of statistical tools for characterising and designing the dynamical features of complex quantum systems. These tools are applied in the contexts of energy transfer in photosynthesis, and boson sampling. In dynamical quantum systems, complexity typically manifests itself via the interference of a rapidly growing number

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Stochastic Dynamics Out of Equilibrium

Stemming from the IHP trimester "Stochastic Dynamics Out of Equilibrium", this collection of contributions focuses on aspects of nonequilibrium dynamics and its ongoing developments. It is common practice in statistical mechanics to use models of large interacting assemblies governed by stochastic dynamics. In this context "equilibrium" is understood as stochastically (

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Stochastic Processes in Cell Biology

This book develops the theory of continuous and discrete stochastic processes within the context of cell biology. A wide range of biological topics are covered including normal and anomalous diffusion in complex cellular environments, stochastic ion channels and excitable systems, stochastic calcium signaling, molecular motors, intracellular transport, signal transduction, bacterial

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Stochastic Evolutions of Dynamic Traffic Flow

This book reveals the underlying mechanisms of complexity and stochastic evolutions of traffic flows. Using Eulerian and Lagrangian measurements, the authors propose lognormal headway/spacing/velocity distributions and subsequently develop a Markov car-following model to describe drivers’ random choices concerning headways/spacings, putting forward a stochastic fundamental diagram model for

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Noise in Complex Systems and Stochastic Dynamics

Download or read online Noise in Complex Systems and Stochastic Dynamics written by Anonim, published by Unknown which was released on 2003. Get Noise in Complex Systems and Stochastic Dynamics Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle.

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Stochastic Phenomena and Chaotic Behaviour in Complex Systems

This book contains all invited contributions of an interdisciplinary workshop of the UNESCO working group on systems analysis of the European and North American region entitled "Stochastic Phenomena and Chaotic Behaviour in Complex Systems". The meeting was held at Hotel Winterthalerhof in Flattnitz, Karnten, Austria from June 6-10, 1983. This workshop

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Stochastic Dynamics of Complex Systems

Dynamical evolution over long time scales is a prominent feature of all the systems we intuitively think of as complex — for example, ecosystems, the brain or the economy. In physics, the term ageing is used for this type of slow change, occurring over time scales much longer than the patience,

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Modeling  Methodologies and Tools for Molecular and Nano scale Communications

This book reports on cutting-edge modeling techniques, methodologies and tools used to understand, design and engineer nanoscale communication systems, such as molecular communication systems. Moreover, it includes introductory materials for those who are new to the field. The book’s interdisciplinary approach, which merges perspectives in computer science, the biological

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Stochastic Pdes And Modelling Of Multiscale Complex System

This volume is devoted to original research results and survey articles reviewing recent developments in reduction for stochastic PDEs with multiscale as well as application to science and technology, and to present some future research direction. This volume includes a dozen chapters by leading experts in the area, with a

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Nonlinear Dynamics and Entropy of Complex Systems with Hidden and Self excited Attractors

In recent years, entropy has been used as a measure of the degree of chaos in dynamical systems. Thus, it is important to study entropy in nonlinear systems. Moreover, there has been increasing interest in the last few years regarding the novel classification of nonlinear dynamical systems including two kinds

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Data Driven Traffic Engineering

Data-Driven Traffic Engineering: Understanding of Traffic and Applications Based on Three-Phase Traffic Theory shifts the current focus from using modeling and simulation data for traffic measurements to the use of actual data. The book uses real-world, empirically-derived data from a large fleet of connected vehicles, local observations and aerial observation

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