solar activity events and galactic cosmic radiation

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Solar Cosmic Rays
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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9401596468
Pages : 480 pages
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It turned out to be really a rare and happy occasion that we know exact1y when and how a new branch of space physics was born, namely, a physics of solar cosmic rays. It happened on February 28 and March 7, 1942 when the fIrst "cosmic ray bursts" were recorded on the Earth, and the Sun was unambiguously identifIed for the fIrst time as the source of high-velocity 10 particles with energies up to > 10 eV. Just due to such a high energy these relativistic particles have been called "solar cosmic rays" (SCR), in distinction from the "true" cosmic rays of galactic origin. Between 1942 and the beginning ofthe space era in 1957 only extremely high energy solar particle events could be occasionally recorded by cosmic ray ground-Ievel detectors and balloon borne sensors. Since then the detection techniques varied considerably and the study of SCR turned into essential part of solar and solar-terrestrial physics.

Solar Cosmic Rays

It turned out to be really a rare and happy occasion that we know exact1y when and how a new branch of space physics was born, namely, a physics of solar cosmic rays. It happened on February 28 and March 7, 1942 when the fIrst "cosmic ray bursts" were recorded on the

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Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation Part B

Space missions subject human beings or any other target of a spacecraft to a radiation environment of an intensity and composition not available on earth. Whereas for missions in low earth orbit (LEO), such as those using the Space Shuttle or Space Station scenario, radiation exposure guidelines have been developed

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Solar Activity  Events  and Galactic Cosmic Radiation

Solar Activity, Events, and Galactic Cosmic Radiation: Effects on the Earth's Atmospheres give students and researchers in Atmospheric Science, Solar Physics and Climatology a more concise perspective on the Earth's atmospheres and how they are affected by solar emissions. It reviews a wide range of topics relating to the effects

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Radiation Hazard in Space

The mono graph contains 8 chapters, and their contents cover all principal aspects of the problem: 1. Introduction and brief his tory ofthe radiation problem and background information ofradiation hazard in the near-Earth and interplanetary space. 2. General description of radiation conditions and main sources of charged partic1es in the Earth's environment

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Radiation and the International Space Station

A major objective of the International Space Station is learning how to cope with the inherent risks of human spaceflight--how to live and work in space for extended periods. The construction of the station itself provides the first opportunity for doing so. Prominent among the challenges associated with ISS construction

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Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration

Fulfilling the President’s Vision for Space Exploration (VSE) will require overcoming many challenges. Among these are the hazards of space radiation to crews traveling to the Moon and Mars. To explore these challenges in some depth and to examine ways to marshal research efforts to address them, NASA, NSF,

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Satellites Missions and Technologies for Geosciences

"Being a vital modern technology, satellite systems for navigation, telecommunication, and geosciences have developed rapidly in the last 25 years. Modern satellite technologies have become a base of our civilization and support our day-to-day activity in both practice and geosciences. This book is devoted to GNSS-remote sensing for ionosphere research, modeling

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Testing at the Speed of Light

Spacecraft depend on electronic components that must perform reliably over missions measured in years and decades. Space radiation is a primary source of degradation, reliability issues, and potentially failure for these electronic components. Although simulation and modeling are valuable for understanding the radiation risk to microelectronics, there is no substitute

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Solar Proton Manual

Download or read online Solar Proton Manual written by Frank Bethune McDonald, published by Unknown which was released on 1963. Get Solar Proton Manual Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle.

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Radiation Exposure in Supersonic Transports

Download or read online Radiation Exposure in Supersonic Transports written by Trutz Foelsche, published by Unknown which was released on 1962. Get Radiation Exposure in Supersonic Transports Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle.

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Current Estimates of Radiation Doses in Space

Download or read online Current Estimates of Radiation Doses in Space written by Trutz Foelsche, published by Unknown which was released on 1962. Get Current Estimates of Radiation Doses in Space Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle.

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Technical Evaluation of the NASA Model for Cancer Risk to Astronauts Due to Space Radiation

NASA's current missions to the International Space Station (ISS) and potential future exploration missions involving extended stays by astronauts on the lunar surface, as well as the possibility of near- Earth object (NEO) or Mars missions, present challenges in protecting astronauts from radiation risks. These risks arise from a number

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Mars Surface Radiation Exposure for Solar Maximum Conditions and 1989 Solar Proton Events

Download or read online Mars Surface Radiation Exposure for Solar Maximum Conditions and 1989 Solar Proton Events written by Lisa C. Simonsen, published by Unknown which was released on 1993. Get Mars Surface Radiation Exposure for Solar Maximum Conditions and 1989 Solar Proton Events Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle.

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Lunar Sourcebook

The only work to date to collect data gathered during the American and Soviet missions in an accessible and complete reference of current scientific and technical information about the Moon.

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Extreme Events in Geospace

Extreme Events in Geospace: Origins, Predictability, and Consequences helps deepen the understanding, description, and forecasting of the complex and inter-related phenomena of extreme space weather events. Composed of chapters written by representatives from many different institutions and fields of space research, the book offers discussions ranging from definitions and historical

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