Nanomedicine for Ischemic Cardiomyopathy: Progress, Opportunities, and Challenges provides an overview on the recent advances in diagnostic and treatment of ischemic cardiomyopathy diseases including myocardial infarction. Shortcomings of the current methods and how nanomedicine can address those obstacles in the field are discussed including the limitations of newly developed cell therapy approaches to clinical translation and how nanomedicine may overcome crucial issues and facilitate the successful and efficient clinical translation of cell therapy. Biomolecular therapy is also explored as another powerful approach for regeneration of heart tissue including available methods and systematic delivery of biomolecules using nanocarriers to the injured part of myocardium through active targeting. Finally, coverage of major tissue engineering advances for myocardial regeneration, including use of epicardial nanostructured patches for regeneration of injured epicardium and the highly conductive patches for enhancing cross talks between the cardiomyocytes, is explored. This concise, yet rigorous coverage, of the field of cardiac nanotechnology outlines the innovative and necessary role of nanomedicine in regenerative medicine for cardiac repair allowing researchers, clinicians, and nanotechnologists to examine the strengths and limitations of current findings and predict future trends to advance the applications of nanotechnology in cardiovascular biomedical research.