Organoselenium shows incredible promise in medicine, particularly cancer therapy. This book discusses organoselenium chemistry and biology in the context of its therapeutic potential, taking the reader through synthetic techniques, bioactivity and therapeutic applications. Divided into three sections, the first section describes synthetic advances in bioactive selenium compounds, revealing how organoselenium compound toxicity, redox properties and specificity can be further tuned. The second section explains the biophysics and biochemistry of organoselenium compounds, as well as selenoproteins. The final section closes with several chapters devoted to therapeutic and medicinal applications of organoselenium compounds, covering radioprotectors, anticancer agents and antioxidant behaviour. With contributions from leading global experts, this book covers recent advances in the field and is an ideal reference for those researching organoselenium compounds.