genomics of rare diseases

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Genomics of Rare Diseases
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Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780128201404
Pages : 304 pages
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It is estimated that approximately 350 million people worldwide are affected by a rare disorder. While individually rare, as a group, rare diseases constitute a substantial healthcare problem. The majority of these rare diseases have a significant genetic component, either as a penetrant driver of the disorder or as a major susceptibility factor for developing the disease. Many patients can go undiagnosed for decades while receiving inappropriate and costly treatments for their condition uninformed by the actual molecular defect and the underlying biology of disease. Genomics of Rare Diseases: Understanding Rare Disease Genetics Through Genomic Approaches, a new volume in the Translational and Applied Genomics series, offers readers a broad but deep understanding of our current knowledge of rare diseases through a genomics lens and examines what this teaches us about disease biology. A clear understanding of the latest molecular and genomic technologies that have already been used to elucidate the molecular causes of more than 5,000 genetic disorders will bring readers closer to unraveling the many more that remain undefined and undiscovered. The challenges associated with performing rare disease research are also discussed, as well as the opportunities that studying these disorders provide for improving our understanding of disease architecture and pathophysiology. Leading chapter authors in the field discuss approaches such as karyotyping and genomic sequencing for the better diagnosis and treatment of conditions including recessive diseases, dominant and X-linked disorders, de novo mutations, sporadic disorders, and mosaicism. Compiles applied case studies and methodology, enabling researchers, clinicians, and healthcare providers to effectively classify DNA variants associated with disease and patient phenotypes Discusses the main challenges in studying the genetics of rare diseases through genomic approaches and possible or ongoing solutions Explores opportunities for novel therapeutics Features chapter contributions from leading researchers and clinicians

Genomics of Rare Diseases

It is estimated that approximately 350 million people worldwide are affected by a rare disorder. While individually rare, as a group, rare diseases constitute a substantial healthcare problem. The majority of these rare diseases have a significant genetic component, either as a penetrant driver of the disorder or as a major

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Rare Diseases  Diagnosis  Therapies and Hope

This book gives readers a firsthand look at the impact genome sequencing and other advanced techniques are having on rare diseases. It is unique in that it goes beyond the clinical side of the topic and includes very personal stories told by the families living with rare diseases. "These rare

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Rare Diseases and Orphan Products

Rare diseases collectively affect millions of Americans of all ages, but developing drugs and medical devices to prevent, diagnose, and treat these conditions is challenging. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommends implementing an integrated national strategy to promote rare diseases research and product development.

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Applying Next Generation Sequencing and Transgenic Models to Rare Disease Research

A rare disease is a disease that occurs infrequently in the general population, typically affecting fewer than 200,000 Americans at any given time. More than 30 million people in the United States of America (USA) and 350 million people globally suffer from rare diseases. Out of the 7000+ known rare diseases, less than 5% have

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Role of Biomarkers in Medicine

The use of biomarkers in basic and clinical research has become routine in many areas of medicine. They are accepted as molecular signatures that have been well characterized and repeatedly shown to be capable of predicting relevant disease states or clinical outcomes. In Role of Biomarkers in Medicine, expert researchers

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Rare Diseases and Orphan Drugs

Rare Diseases and Orphan Drugs shows that much of what we now know about common diseases has been achieved by studying rare diseases. It proposes that future advances in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of common diseases will come as a consequence of our accelerating progress in the field of

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The Genome Odyssey

In The Genome Odyssey, Dr. Euan Ashley, Stanford professor of medicine and genetics, brings the breakthroughs of precision medicine to vivid life through the real diagnostic journeys of his patients and the tireless efforts of his fellow doctors and scientists as they hunt to prevent, predict, and beat disease. Since

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Genomics  Circuits  and Pathways in Clinical Neuropsychiatry

This foundational work comprehensively examines the current state of the genetics, genomics and brain circuitry of psychiatric and neurological disorders. It consolidates discoveries of specific genes and genomic regions associated with these conditions, the genetic and anatomic architecture of these syndromes, and addresses how recent advances in genomics are leading

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Genetics and Genomics of Eye Disease

Genetics and Genomics of Eye Disease: Advancing to Precision Medicine thoroughly examines the latest genomics methods for studying eye disease, including complex eye disorders associated with multiple genes. GWAS, WES, WGS, RNA-sequencing, and transcriptome analysis as employed in ocular genomics are discussed in-depth, as are genomics findings tied to early-onset

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Human Genome Informatics

Human Genome Informatics: Translating Genes into Health examines the most commonly used electronic tools for translating genomic information into clinically meaningful formats. By analyzing and comparing interpretation methods of whole genome data, the book discusses the possibilities of their application in genomic and translational medicine. Topics such as electronic decision-making

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Pulmonary Vascular Disease

Offers a current and comprehensive review of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of pulmonary hypertension and venous thromboembolism. Discusses indepth the pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapies used in the treatment of pulmonary vascular disease -- including the benefits and risks of each -- allowing for more informed care decisions.

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The Genetics of African Populations in Health and Disease

A pioneering work that focuses on the unique diversity of African genetics, offering insights into human biology and genetic approaches.

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Genomics

This Oxford Biology Primer will introduce students to the field of genomics and its applications. From the early days of the Human Genome Project, sequencing technology has rapidly developed and is now cheaper and more accessible than ever before. The resulting pervasive nature of these technologies make them more likely

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Clinical Genome Sequencing

Clinical Genome Sequencing: Psychological Aspects thoroughly details key psychological factors to consider while implementing genome sequencing in clinical practice, taking into account the subtleties of genetic risk assessment, patient consent and best practices for sharing genomic findings. Chapter contributions from leading international researchers and practitioners cover topics ranging from the

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Handbook of Clinical Adult Genetics and Genomics

Handbook of Clinical Adult Genetics and Genomics: A Practice-Based Approach provides a thorough overview of genetic disorders that are commonly encountered in adult populations and supports the full translation of adult genetic and genomic modalities into clinical practice. Expert chapter authors supplement foundational knowledge with case-based strategies for the evaluation

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