genome stability

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Genome Stability
Author :
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0128033452
Pages : 712 pages
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Every species has to preserve the integrity of its genome to ensure faithful passage of genetic information to the progeny. At the same time, there are times during the life of the organism and population in general when a fine balance in genome stability and diversification has to be made to benefit the survival of the species. Genome Stability teaches the reader how various species maintain this fine balance in genome stability and genome diversification in response to their environments. Genome Stability covers a wide range of topics, including the genome stability of DNA/RNA viruses, prokaryotes, single cell eukaryotes, lower multicellular eukaryotes and mammals. Topics also include major DNA repair mechanisms, the role of chromatin in genome stability, human diseases associated with genome instability as well as changes in genome stability in response to aging. Finally, Genome Stability covers how epigenetic factors contribute to genome stability and how the species pass the memory of the encounters to the progeny, thus influencing the genome of the progeny in an indirect manner. This volume is an essential resource for geneticists, epigeneticists, and molecular biologists who are looking to gain a deeper understanding of this rapidly-expanding field, and can also be of great use to advanced students who are looking to gain additional expertise in genome stability. Includes a collection of chapters on genome stability research from various kingdoms, including topics such as epigenetics and transgenerational effects Provides the first comprehensive coverage of the differences in the mechanisms utilized by different organisms to maintain genomic stability Contains applications of genome instability and its effect on human diseases Explains how various species maintain the fine balance in genome stability and genome diversification in response to their environments

Genome Stability

Every species has to preserve the integrity of its genome to ensure faithful passage of genetic information to the progeny. At the same time, there are times during the life of the organism and population in general when a fine balance in genome stability and diversification has to be made

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Genome Stability

Genome Stability: DNA Repair and Recombination describes the various mechanisms of repairing DNA damage by recombination, most notably the repair of chromosomal breaks. The text presents a definitive history of the evolution of molecular models of DNA repair, emphasizing current research. The book introduces the central players in recombination. An

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Genome Stability and Human Diseases

Since the establishment of the DNA structure researchers have been highly interested in the molecular basis of the inheritance of genes and of genetic disorders. Scientific investigations of the last two decades have shown that, in addition to oncogenic viruses and signalling pathways alterations, genomic instability is important in the

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Ubiquitination Governing DNA Repair

DNA damage response (DDR) and lesion repair are vital processes ensuring genome integrity through various pathways depending mainly on the nature of DNA injury and cell cycle stage. DDR is finely regulated at many levels in co-ordination with other ongoing processes as is genome replication and cell cycle progression. Posttranslational

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Ageing  Lessons from C  elegans

This book brings together in one volume the current state of ageing research in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The authors are leading researchers in the field, placing this topic in the context of human ageing, describing how and why basic discoveries in this simple organism have impacted our prospects for

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DNA Repair  Genetic Instability  and Cancer

Download or read online DNA Repair Genetic Instability and Cancer written by Anonim, published by Unknown which was released on . Get DNA Repair Genetic Instability and Cancer Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle.

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Genome Instability

This volume presents forty-two methods and protocols to analyze diverse aspects of genome instability. Chapters detail mutagenesis and repair, methods to quantify and analyze the properties of DNA double-strand breaks, profile replication, replication proteins strand-specifically, genome instability, fluorescence microscopic techniques, and genomic and proteomic approaches. Written in the highly successful

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Genome and Disease

Cancer and other genetic human diseases are caused by a variety of mutations, ranging from subtle sequence changes to larger genomic rearrangements and alterations in chromosome number (aneuploidy). With contributions by reputed experts, this book aims to update the knowledge on the multiple mechanisms of genomic instability leading to human

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Mobile Genetic Elements in Cellular Differentiation  Genome Stability  and Cancer

The human genome, as with the genome of most organisms, is comprised of various types of mobile genetic element derived repeats. Mobile genetic elements that mobilize by an RNA intermediate, include both autonomous and non-autonomous retrotransposons, and mobilize by a “copy and paste” mechanism that relies of the presence of

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Maintenance of Genome Integrity  DNA Damage Sensing  Signaling  Repair and Replication in Plants

Environmental stresses and metabolic by-products can severely affect the integrity of genetic information by inducing DNA damage and impairing genome stability. As a consequence, plant growth and productivity are irreversibly compromised. To overcome genotoxic injury, plants have evolved complex strategies relying on a highly efficient repair machinery that responds to

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Human Papillomavirus Oncoproteins Alter Genomic Stability and Regulate the Viral Life Cycle

Understanding how human papillomaviruses (HPVs) induce the proliferative lesions associated with genital warts and cervical cancers relies on our appreciation of the functions of the E6 and E7 viral proteins. These "oncoproteins" of the high risk HPV types interfere with the activities of cellular tumor suppressor proteins; E7 proteins act

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The Maize Genome

This book discusses advances in our understanding of the structure and function of the maize genome since publication of the original B73 reference genome in 2009, and the progress in translating this knowledge into basic biology and trait improvement. Maize is an extremely important crop, providing a large proportion of the

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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

A flurry of recent research on the role of the RNA/DNA-binding proteins TDP-43 and FUS as well as a dozen other factors (e.g., C9ORF72 and profilin) has led to a new paradigm in our understanding of the pathobiology of the motor neuron disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS).

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Environmental Health Perspectives

Download or read online Environmental Health Perspectives written by Anonim, published by Unknown which was released on 1993. Get Environmental Health Perspectives Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle.

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Promoting Genome Stability Via Multiple Dna Repair Pathways

ABSTRACT Maintaining genome integrity is indispensible for cells to prevent and limit accruement of deleterious mutations and to promote viable cell growth and proliferation. Cells possess a myriad of mechanisms to detect, prevent and repair incurred cellular damage. Here we discuss various proteins and their accompanying cellular pathways that promote

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