Designed to provide a variety of exercises that engage students actively in all phases of scientific investigation, from formulating research questions through interpreting and presenting final results. Suited to undergraduates, each chapter presents an animal behavior exercise tested by academic members of the Animal Behavior Society. Four types of exercises are presented: (1) traditional exercises in which students follow a pre-determined protocol to test particular hypotheses, (2) traditional exercises that can easily be adapted to inquiry-based approaches, (3) combined pedagogy exercises that involve both traditional and inquiry approaches, and (4) inquiry exercises in which students brainstorm to generate their own hypotheses, then design their own experiments to test them. Exercises cover descriptive ethology, causation and development of behavior, and behavioral ecology. Both field and laboratory exercises are included on arthropods, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals.