diamond based materials for biomedical applications

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Diamond based materials for biomedical applications
Author :
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0128087986
Pages : 296 pages
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Diamond has been considered for use in several medical applications due to its unique mechanical, chemical, optical, and biological properties. In this chapter, methods for preparing synthetic diamond surfaces and particles are described. In addition, recent developments involving the use of diamond in prostheses, sensing, imaging, and drug delivery applications are reviewed. These developments suggest that diamond-containing structures will provide significant improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions over the coming years.

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond has been considered for use in several medical applications due to its unique mechanical, chemical, optical, and biological properties. In this chapter, methods for preparing synthetic diamond surfaces and particles are described. In addition, recent developments involving the use of diamond in prostheses, sensing, imaging, and drug delivery applications

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Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Recent advances made in the controlled deposition of diamond thin films with varying morphologies have pushed researchers to consider diamond as an alternative carbon-based material. Surface functionalization is believed to be an effective approach to tune the physical, chemical and electrochemical properties of diamond. Understanding and controlling the functionalization process

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Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

This chapter discusses the possibilities and advantages offered by the use of diamond materials in the fabrication of microfluidic devices. The correct choice of material with optimal properties is crucial in the design of modern microfluidic devices. The different applications of diamond materials in this field are reviewed, along with

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Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

The growth of nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) thin films has become routine in labs and companies globally. This has been enabled by the fast progress of diamond nucleation and seeding in science and technology during the past decade, as a result of chemical vapour deposition (CVD) of NCD films requiring that

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Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond-like carbon (DLC) films offer numerous functional characteristics that make them particularly attractive as potential wear resistant coatings for biomedical applications. This chapter first discusses the blood compatibility of various forms of plain and doped DLCs, and evaluates possible correlations with film structure and surface properties. The chapter then considers

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Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

With increasing numbers of orthopaedic devices being implanted, greater emphasis is being placed on ceramic coating technology to reduce friction and wear in mating total joint replacement components, in order to improve implant function and increase device lifespan. In this chapter, we consider ultra-hard carbon coatings, with emphasis on nanostructured

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Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Nanodiamonds offer a potential novel template for drug delivery and targeting, because of their small primary particle size, purity, excellent properties, facile surface functionalization, high biocompatibility, and inexpensive large-scale synthesis. However, nanodiamond properties such as aggregation state, surface chemistry, and presence of impurities, as well as the localization and accumulation

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Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

This chapter discusses the application of nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) films as protective coatings for joint replacement. The chapter includes an overview of chemical vapour deposition (CVD) diamond and discusses the influence of hot-filament chemical vapour deposition (HFCVD) parameters on the deposition of NCD on silicon nitride (Si3N4) ceramics. The

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Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond films have been considered as ideal candidates for protective coatings on bioimplants, as bioimplants themselves or as a guide for neural differentiation, because of their excellent mechanical properties, functional amenability, biocompatibility, and unique nanostructures. We separate nanocrystalline diamond films into two categories based on growth chemistries, nanostructure, and properties:

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Diamond Based Materials for Biomedical Applications

Carbon is light-weight, strong, conductive and able to mimic natural materials within the body, making it ideal for many uses within biomedicine. Consequently a great deal of research and funding is being put into this interesting material with a view to increasing the variety of medical applications for which it

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Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

This chapter discusses the integration of physiology, new biomaterials and micro and nanofabrication technologies, which enable the development of new devices implantable in the human eye for diagnosis, monitoring, and/or therapeutic treatment of vision. The chapter focuses on the science and technology of biomaterials for three main applications: to

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Switchable and Responsive Surfaces and Materials for Biomedical Applications

Surface modification of biomaterials can ultimately determine whether a material is accepted or rejected from the human body, and a responsive surface can further make the material "smart" and "intelligent". Switchable and Responsive Surfaces and Materials for Biomedical Applications outlines synthetic and biological materials that are responsive under different stimuli,

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Biomaterials Science

The revised edition of the renowned and bestselling title is the most comprehensive single text on all aspects of biomaterials science from principles to applications. Biomaterials Science, fourth edition, provides a balanced, insightful approach to both the learning of the science and technology of biomaterials and acts as the key

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Novel Advances and Approaches in Biomedical Materials Based on Calcium Phosphates

Research into the use of calcium phosphates in the development and clinical application of biomedical materials has been a significantly diverse activity conducted by a wide range of scientists, engineers, and medical practitioners, among others. The field of research in this area can, hence, be truly defined as interdisciplinary, and

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Drug Delivery Nanosystems for Biomedical Applications

Drug Delivery Nanosystems for Biomedical Application reviews some of the most challenging nanosystems with different routes of delivery that are useful for specific drugs, from both efficacy and bioavailability points-of-view. The chapters explore how this area is developing, the present state of the field, and future developments, in particular, inorganic,

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