This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. What designers really do: A practical introduction to interior design. Beginnings of Interior Environments, 11e, provides a practical approach to introductory interior design. The text addresses interior design holistically, stressing the importance of commercial and residential environments equally. Students are introduced to the history, design fundamentals, and building systems (construction, electrical, mechanical) of design through practical examinations and engaging discussions that encourage them to analyze the needs and desires of clients, and through the synthesis of this information, create healthful, safe, and sustainable environments that enhances their clients' quality of life.